Instructions for Making Vietnamese Pho at Home
Instructions for Making Vietnamese Pho at Home


To make authentic Vietnamese pho, you will need the following ingredients:

  1. Beef Bones (such as oxtail or marrow bones) – 2 pounds
  2. Onion, halved – 1
  3. Ginger, sliced – 3-inch piece
  4. Star anise pods – 4
  5. Cinnamon sticks – 2
  6. Cloves – 4
  7. Coriander seeds – 1 tablespoon
  8. Fennel seeds – 1 tablespoon
  9. Sugar – 1 tablespoon
  10. Fish sauce – 2 tablespoons
  11. Beef broth – 8 cups
  12. Rice noodles – 8 ounces
  13. Thinly sliced beef (such as sirloin or flank steak)
  14. Bean sprouts, Thai basil, cilantro, lime wedges, and sliced chili peppers for garnish


Now let’s dive into the step-by-step process of making Vietnamese pho:

Roast the Beef Bones, Onion, and Ginger

Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C). Place the beef bones, onion, and ginger on a baking sheet and roast for about 30 minutes until the bones are browned. Roasting the bones, onion, and ginger adds depth and richness to the broth.

Prepare the Spices

In a large pot, add the roasted bones, onion, ginger, star anise pods, cinnamon sticks, cloves, coriander seeds, fennel seeds, sugar, fish sauce, and beef broth. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat to low and let it simmer for at least 1 hour. If you have more time, you can simmer for up to 4 hours to develop a richer flavor.

Cook the Rice Noodles

While the broth is simmering, cook the rice noodles according to the package instructions. Once cooked, drain and set them aside. Rice noodles are an essential component of pho and provide a satisfying texture to the dish.

Prepare the Garnishes

It’s time to prepare the garnishes that will accompany your pho. Wash and chop the bean sprouts, Thai basil, cilantro, and chili peppers. Cut the lime into wedges. These garnishes not only add freshness but also enhance the overall flavors of the dish.

Strain the Broth

Once your broth is ready, strain it to remove the bones and spices. This step ensures a clear and smooth broth. Return the strained broth to the pot and keep it warm on low heat. The aroma of the broth will tantalize your senses.

Slice the Beef

Thinly slice the beef and set it aside. The hot broth will cook the thinly sliced beef when you assemble your pho.

Assemble and Serve

Now it’s time to put it all together! Divide the cooked rice noodles among bowls. Top them with the sliced beef. Ladle the hot broth over the noodles and beef, allowing the heat of the broth to cook the beef. This process creates tender and flavorful beef in your pho.

Garnish and Customize

Serve the pho with the prepared garnishes on the side. Allow each person to customize their bowl with bean sprouts, Thai basil, cilantro, lime wedges, and sliced chili peppers. These garnishes add a burst of freshness and a touch of heat to the pho.

Enjoy Your Homemade Vietnamese Pho

Congratulations! You have successfully made your own bowl of Vietnamese pho. Sit down, take a moment to appreciate your culinary creation, and enjoy the complex flavors and comforting warmth of this iconic dish.


Q: Can I use chicken instead of beef for the pho broth?

A: While traditional pho calls for beef, you can certainly use chicken to make a flavorful chicken pho broth. Just substitute the beef bones with chicken bones and adjust the cooking time accordingly.

Q: Can I make vegetarian or vegan pho?

A: Absolutely! To make vegetarian or vegan pho, simply replace the beef bones and broth with vegetable stock. You can also add tofu or mushrooms for added texture and flavor.

Q: Can I make a large batch of pho and freeze it for later?

A: Yes, you can make a large batch of pho and freeze it in individual portions for quick and easy meals. Just make sure to cool the broth before freezing and thaw it thoroughly before reheating.

Q: Are there any other variations of pho I can try?

A: Pho is incredibly versatile, and you can experiment with different proteins such as chicken, seafood, or tofu. Additionally, you can add different vegetables and herbs to customize your pho according to your preferences.

Q: Can I adjust the seasonings in the broth to suit my taste?

A: Absolutely! This recipe serves as a guideline, and you can adjust the seasonings such as fish sauce, spices, and sugar to your liking. Taste the broth as you cook and make any necessary adjustments.

Q: How long does it take to make Vietnamese pho at home?

A: The total time to make Vietnamese pho at home depends on the cooking time you choose for the broth. If you simmer it for at least 1 hour, the entire process can take around 1.5 to 2 hours, including preparation and assembly.


Making Vietnamese pho at home is a rewarding experience that allows you to immerse yourself in the vibrant flavors of Vietnamese cuisine. With this comprehensive guide, you now have all the tools and knowledge to create a flavorful and authentic bowl of pho that will impress your family and friends. So why wait? Start exploring the world of pho in your own kitchen and enjoy the culinary journey ahead!



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